Conducted by environmental experts
We have commissioned independent research institutes, such as IVL Swedish Environmental Research and RISE (Research Institutes of Sweden), for the LCAs and EPDs of some of our products, such as liner, liquid packaging board, sack paper, etc. According to ISO 14040, the studies are subject to independent peer reviews, and our EPDs are third-party verified by an independent third party approved by the International EPD System.
Environmental product declarations
An Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) is a document that quantifies the environmental impact of a product's life cycle, enabling comparison with other products or services that serve the same function in an objective, transparent, and standardized way. It is based on underlying Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data, calculated using a common set of modeling rules, third-party verified, and created and registered under an EPD program operator on www.environdec.com. Our EPDs are prepared according to the standards ISO 14025, 14040, and 14044, ensuring comparability of the performance of different products from an environmental perspective throughout their life cycle. The declarations cover the cradle-to-gate phase and present information on emissions that affect the climate, acidification, eutrophication, etc.