Climate impact

Combatting global warming is the critical issue of our time. Billerud has an important role to play by working to reduce our carbon footprint throughout our value chain and by offering sustainable packaging solutions that enable our customers to reduce their carbon footprint as well.

Climate targets

Our ambitious climate targets and the development of high-performance, recyclable materials based on renewable primary fiber, help us contribute to reducing global warming.

Billerud's efforts are mainly related to significantly cutting emissions from our own operations as well as indirect emissions from purchased energy, transportation and the purchase of goods and services. 

Read about our sustainability targets and yearly results on this page.

Updating our science-based targets

In 2023, we revised our scope 1-3 calculations* (also covering year 2022) to cover both Region North America and Region Europe. This change follows our completion of the integration of Verso, a US-based company acquired by Billerud in 2022.

We have updated our greenhouse gas emission reduction targets, and we will continue to develop roadmaps with 2022 as the new baseline year. Targets will be submitted to the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi) during 2024 and are subject to verification by the SBTi.

Efforts towards fossil-free operations

Even though Billerud is largely fossil fuel-free, particularly in our European operations, we continue to eliminate the remaining emissions through several investments and actions. Our long-term goal is to achieve a carbon footprint at our North American mills that is best in class in North America and as close as possible to the footprint at our European operations. This includes phasing out coal and tire-derived fuel from North American operations. Efforts are currently underway to also substitute fossil fuel with biofuel.

In our efforts to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions related to purchased energy, we also purchase CO2e Emission Free Energy Credits (EFECs) for our North American mills. In 2023, 60% of our purchased electricity in North America was covered by EFECs, which led to a reduction of emissions from fossil fuels. For more information on how we work to reduce our emissions in Region Europe and Region North America, see the Annual and Sustainability report 2023.

Supply chain collaboration

It is vital that we also reduce our indirect emissions. This requires extensive cooperation with suppliers and other partners. One focus will be to work together with our suppliers to reduce emissions from chemicals by, for example, finding substitutes with lower environmental impact. It will be important for the work going forward to urge our suppliers to reduce their emissions by setting ambitious emissions targets. It is also crucial to support them with basic knowledge on climate change mitigation as we have identified that while some suppliers are advanced in the work to reduce their CO2e emissions, others have just begun.

Transport is another area of focus, and we actively encourage the transition to a fossil fuel-free fleet by continuing to choose more sustainable modes of transport and monitoring developments in technology and fuel, railway expansion and the electrification of roads. For more information on how we work to reduce our emissions in Region Europe and Region North America, see Annual and Sustainability report 2023.

The climate impact of our products

Our customers require climate change leadership from us to be a long-term partner, and they ask for products with a low CO2e footprint. Therefore, having a low climate impact is essential for Billerud to attract and retain customer, and are vital aspects to ensure profitability.

To make it easy for our customers to assess the environmental performance of our products, and compare with conventional alternatives, we conduct and publish life cycle assessments and environmental product declarations of our products.

Read more about our life cycle assessments and environmental product declarations here.

Carbon Capture and Storage

Regardless of where the carbon dioxide emissions originate, we will do our very best to reduce them. We aim to develop solutions that reduce biogenic carbon dioxide emissions in addition to fossil carbon dioxide emissions. One promising technology is Bioenergy Carbon Capture and Storage (Bio-CCS).

We are investigating the possibilities within the field of Bio-CCS and we hope to contribute to increased knowledge in general and our own expertise. Billerud has one ongoing project that involves using the residues that arise in our process to capture carbon dioxide from flue gas from the chimneys. After the capture of carbon, the storage possibilities for now are offshore. This project investigates the possibility to store the captured carbon in the rock. A suitable type of bed rock has been discovered directly beneath the site of Karlsborg mill. The same geographical circumstances occur at several pulp and paper sites in Sweden, so if this is a possible technical solution it would really make a difference.

Read more about how Bio-CCS works

Karlsborg – Kalix, Sweden.


*Scope 1 and 2: Direct emissions from own operations and indirect emissions from purchased energy and heat.
Scope 3: Indirect emissions from all areas covered by scope 3.1-3.15, with the exception of scope 3.8, 3.11, 3.13 and 3.14, that have been deemed N/A for Billerud.


See also

Resource-efficient production

The aim to be independent of fossil fuels in the production process in Europe is clear. Today our European production is 97.5% fossil free.

Sustainability targets

Our sustainability work is driven by a number of tangible and ambitious targets that help us to steer our strategy and daily operations.

External reviews of our sustainability work

We are among the 10% most sustainable companies in the world according to Dow Jones Sustainability Index.